Cardiovascular Surgeon Expert
Cardiovascular surgery includes procedures on the heart, veins, and great vessels. Such surgery can be used to treat ischemic or hereditary heart disease. Cardiac surgeons are also responsible for heart transplants.
In a medical malpractice case, cardiovascular surgeon expert witnesses can review the facts and evidence to determine whether or not there was a departure from the standards of care. If there was malpractice, the cardiovascular surgeon expert witness can identify the exact instance(s) of malpractice to help you build a strong case for your client. If no malpractice is identified, you can close the case rather than pursuing a time-consuming and costly trial. Cardiovascular surgeon expert witnesses can assist you in cases that concern various aspects of cardiology and cardiovascular medicine/surgery.
1) “Cardiology Medical Malpractice”
Complications are frequent in the cardiac catheterization procedure, in which either a cardiologist or a radiologist performs the arteriogram studies. A plastic tube, is passed through a needle, usually into the groin (femoral) artery, up through the aorta, (the main artery of the abdomen and chest) and into the openings of the two coronary arteries of the heart. The radiologists use the same technique to do the arteriogram studies of the neck (carotid) arteries. As the catheter passes up the aorta, cholesterol deposits and blood clot debris, which are often found in the elderly, can break off. These follow the blood flow and often block the arteries to the legs.
2) “Misdiagnosis of a Heart Attack”
A heart attack (myocardial infarction) is the most common cause of death in both men and women. Failure to timely treat will result in further irreversible heart damage with the consequence of heart failure, or worse: death.
3) “Cardiovascular Surgery Malpractice Case”
Trasylol/Aprotinin is a drug commonly used during heart surgery; it is known to cause serious complications. These complications include kidney damage, an increased risk of a heart attack, heart failure and stroke.
4) “Deep Vein Thrombosis And Pulmonary Embolism Medical Malpractice Cases”
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) commonly affects the leg veins (such as the femoral vein or the popliteal vein) or the deep veins of the pelvis. Occasionally the veins of the arm are affected (if spontaneous, this is known as Paget-Schrötter disease). A DVT can occur without symptoms, but in many cases the affected extremity will be painful, swollen, red, warm and the superficial veins may be engorged.
5) “Emergency Room- Medical Malpractice”
The usual problem with emergency medicine is a missed diagnosis and the failure to call in a consultant. A patient with chest pain should have an electrocardiogram. If there is an index of suspicion of heart attack and even if the electrocardiogram is normal, the patient should be admitted to the hospital and observed in the coronary care unit with electrocardiogram monitoring. Under those circumstances, eighty percent of patients who arrive in a hospital with a heart attack leave alive. The major cause of death, in these cases, is an irregular beating action of the heart, an arrhythmia called ventricular fibrillation, which is treatable with drugs and electric shock.
6) “Missed Diagnosis of Pre-Eclampsia”
If the patient starts out her pregnancy with 130/70 blood pressure and the 70 changes to 80, it must be looked at, not necessarily treated, but looked at. If the 80 goes up to 85, then you have to be concerned about the possibility of early pre-eclampsia, a high blood pressure condition in pregnancy which can cause damage to the mother and the baby. When there is high blood pressure in the mother, blood flow to the placenta, which nourishes the baby, is impaired and there is a higher risk of the placenta separating from the lining of the uterus (abruptio placenta).
7) “Air Embolism Medical Malpractice”
With intravenous therapy there is a risk of air embolism, that is, air bubbles entering the vein system from the failure to have the fluid fill up the entire plastic line prior to connection to the catheter or needle. Sometimes the intravenous bottle will run dry, and the nurse will connect another bottle without observing a substantial amount of air in the line. This air can cause damage by entering the heart, and if in a significant amount, obstruct blood flow through the heart into the lungs, somewhat like a blood clot in a pulmonary embolism.
8) “Infection from Intravenous Fluids Malpractice case”
Infection from intravenous fluids are given through a needle or catheter (plastic tube). There are inserted in the vein by direct puncture through the skin, but the skin must be cleansed beforehand and the locations of the needles and catheters should be changes every twenty-four hours.
9) “Operations looking for Indications in Cardiovascular Medicine”
A shift has occurred in American medical practice, often the primary focus of the “medical machine” is to make a profit and therefore much of the current treatment and therapy in cardiovascular medicine is not always in our best interest.
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